Turkish Percussion

Instrument Bendir, Def, Daire, Darbuka
Length 30 / 45 / 60 minutes
Age +10 years
Locations Online
Start Date Throughout The Year
Term 4 Lessons/1 Month or 12 Lessons/3 Month or 24 Lessons/6 Month
Admissions Open admission
Genre Traditional, Folk


A frame drum of various sizes, with skin, stretched over one side of a narrow frame. The bendir is an indispensable instrument in religious music. It is played strokes from the fingers and fingernails. In recent years, tunable models with screws embedded in the frame have been produced.


A large tambourine with a thin, narrow frame generally of walnut, fitted with five pairs of two small jingles (zils). Skin is stretched over one side of the frame, and it is played with the hand and fingers. Providing sound from the skin and the zils at the same time, it is an indispensable instrument in Turkish classical music. In the old fasils, the singers are known to have directed the ensemble with a daire.


The darbuka is descended by a percussion instrument played by Türkmen women and called deblek. It was later adopted by the Arabs, with certain changes. It has been used in Turkish music since the early 20th century. The terra cotta body is topped by a skin that is tied on with a cord. After heating, it is played with the hands and fingers. Darbukas made of metals such as copper or brass, being easily tunable, are more popular today. The name of the instrument is most likely derived from the Arabic words darab (‘strike’) and ika (rhythmic mode); that is, “striking the beat.”


A smaller version of the daire; a tambourine, fitted with ten Paris of zils in two rows of five. The frame ranges from 22-26 cm in diameter. Because of the double number of zils, they provide more sound than the skin. It is an indispensable instrument of fasil performances.

Program Information
The Farabius Academy of Music provides one-on-one instruction and group sessions on multiple Turkish instruments. All students are taught from the basic instrumental technique, posture, technical exercises.

Each online percussion lesson takes place between one teacher and one student for either 30, 45 or 60 minutes. For children's sessions, parents can attend their child's classes.

Our goal is the development of our students to their highest musical level through private lessons. Creating the correct foundation for technique and appropriate repertoire is of utmost importance. Our amazing percussion faculty takes care of utilizing elements of different teaching methods that work best for each student. Beginner students start with the fundamentals, like holding the instrument, fingers placement, reading music and rhythm. Intermediate and advanced students continue to progress with increased proficiency in techniques and difficult rhythm. Our curriculum covers the following subjects:

  • Note reading and recognition
  • Counting, rhythm reading
  • Technique
  • Rudiments of Theory
  • Memorization


Levels / Ages offered:
The Farabius Academy of Music provides online private def and bendir study at all levels and ages. Students in private study can learn with no prior experience, all the way to extensive professional experience, and we will ensure you have an enjoyable experience.

Important Facts & FAQs

Highly recommended for students of 10 years or older 
Offered but less recommended for students 9 years or younger
Extremely useful for children and adult learners
The most effective format for learning technique, traditional repertoire


Turkish Percussion Teacher

Fahrettin Yarkin

Multi Level

Languages Spoken: Turkish, English